Overview of tuberculosis in Hong Kong in 2020 and half-yearly evaluate of tuberculosis in tutorial institutions in 2021
The Tuberculosis and Chest Service (TB&CS) of the Centre for Effectively being Protection (CHP) of the Department of Effectively being (DH) equipped this day (September 6) the tuberculosis (TB) notifications to the DH in 2020 as properly as TB in the academic institutions in the principle half of 2021. Upon the commencement of the present college year, stakeholders of colleges, at the side of school management, students and folks are additionally reminded to preserve private and environmental hygiene always to prevent TB infections.
The TB&CS obtained 3 699 notification of TB cases (provisional resolve) in 2020, representing 49.3 cases per 100 000 of the population. The rate of multidrug-resistant TB remains low at beneath 1 per cent.
“Despite a marked and constant decrease in the notification rate in the previous few decades, TB remains a rather frequent disease in Hong Kong. Furthermore, clustering of TB cases in the academic institutions occurs steadily. It is usually connected to delayed presentation or diagnosis of the case attributable to its long latent duration, which in flip have an impact on early identification,” a spokesman for the DH acknowledged.
Amongst the notified TB cases in 2020, 182 cases frail 3 to 24 (customary college age). In the identical year, there were seven clusters of TB cases in college settings comprising 14 sufferers.
From January to June this year, there were four clusters of TB cases in college settings. Comprising 10 sufferers in total, the sizes of the clusters differ from two to four cases. Two sufferers suffered from multidrug-resistant TB but were all below effective remedy. The facts of the clusters has additionally been uploaded to the TB&CS statistics webpage.
The spokesman outlined that TB is an airborne disease. When a TB affected person coughs or sneezes, small droplets containing the tubercle bacilli are generated and unfold in the air. If one other person breathes in these small airborne droplets, he or she might perchance additionally honest be contaminated with the germ. Prolonged publicity, then again, is in general the largest condition for the disease to be effectively transmitted.
Early identification of TB cases and instructed initiation of anti-TB remedy stay the mainstay of TB snatch watch over. The TB&CS additionally conducts contact investigation for the end contacts of the index case the put mandatory. The TB&CS has additionally ready tips on dealing with TB cases in the college environment for reference by colleges. For more data, the pointers will seemingly be found on the TB&CS guideline net site.
The TB&CS of the CHP endeavours to promote consciousness of TB and its prevention in colleges, the community and the healthcare sector so that you simply can facilitate early identification, diagnosis and effective snatch watch over of the disease at its supply.
People of the public might perchance additionally honest serene preserve continued vigilance in opposition to TB and undertake a healthy daily life with a balanced weight loss draw, steer far flung from smoking and alcohol, and have correct enlighten and ample relaxation. If symptoms assemble, such as chronic cough, blood in sputum, weight loss, fever and night sweating, they might perchance additionally honest serene take a look at instructed medical advice. If diagnosed as having TB, a affected person might perchance additionally honest serene study respiratory hygiene and cough etiquette, and receive TB remedy below supervision. For more TB-connected data, products and services and figures, the public might perchance additionally honest additionally scurry to the CHP’s net page on World TB Day and the net site of the TB&CS or call the phone hotline (2572 6024).
Ends/Monday, September 6, 2021
Issued at HKT 20: 26